Updated Disease Classification System Adopted by the World Health Organization
[ric id="6379" srcmoduleimage="https://ilds.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/2019.03.28-WHO-ICD11-and-ILDS-edit-360x260.jpg" srcsquare="https://ilds.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/2019.03.28-WHO-ICD11-and-ILDS-edit-360x360.jpg" srcoriginal="https://ilds.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/2019.03.28-WHO-ICD11-and-ILDS-edit-450x230.jpg" srcvideo="https://ilds.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/2019.03.28-WHO-ICD11-and-ILDS-edit-320x180.jpg" srcnarrow="https://ilds.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/2019.03.28-WHO-ICD11-and-ILDS-edit-475x100.jpg" alt="" caption="The ILDS-WHO Committee and WHO ICD-11 Team in Geneva, March 2019" classes="center" format="original"] On 25 May 2019, the World Health Assembly officially adopted the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The ICD-11 will come into effect on 1 January 2022. The adoption of ICD-11 is a milestone event, the development of which has taken the commitment of many experts over more than 10 years. The ILDS is very proud that ICD-11 represents the first time that dermatologists have been directly involved in developing a classification system that accurately reflects the unique and diverse spectrum of skin disorders seen around the world and, as such, ICD-11 will be a useful and relevant tool for dermatologists. What is ICD-11 and how does it differ from its predecessors? The ICD is the foundation for identifying health trends and statistics worldwide. It provides a common language that allows health professionals to record and share information on injuries, diseases and causes of death. ICD-11 takes into account the burden of disease and not just mortality and has a variety of uses including monitoring the incidence and prevalence of diseases, as well as safety and quality guidelines. It can be incorporated into electronic health records in addition to its use for collecting mortality and morbidity data. ICD-11 is fundamentally different from its predecessors and comprises two elements: the ICD-11 Foundation, and ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (MMS).
- The ICD-11 Foundation is a family of classifications which are polyhierarchical; any one disease concept has a single Unique Identifier (URI) but may have multiple hierarchical parents, so that it can be classified within and retrieved from more than one location.
- ICD-11 MMS is the direct replacement for ICD-10 as the international statistical reference and provides a concise list of entities from the ICD-11 Foundation.
- easy storage, retrieval and analysis of health information for evidenced-based decision-making;
- sharing and comparing health information between hospitals, regions, settings and countries; and
- data comparisons in the same location across different time periods.
- has improved usability – more clinical detail with less training time
- has updated scientific content
- enables coding of all clinical detail
- is eHealth ready for use in electronic environments
- is linked to other relevant classifications and terminologies (such as INN)
- has full multilingual support (translations and outputs)
- takes diseases morbidity and not only mortality into account, a new feature of ICD of such relevance for skin disease